According to Judaism, a goyim or non-Jew also called a Gentile does not have to follow the Torat Moshe or Mosaic Law; however, all Gentiles are obliged to follow the Noahide or Noachian Laws, a Jewish Talmudic designation for seven biblical laws given to Adam and to Noah before the revelation to Moses on Mt. Sinai and consequently binding on all mankind.
Beginning with Genesis 2:16, the Elohim commanding the man he is most welcome to eat from the trees, but of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil he was not to eat, the Babylonian Talmud listed the first six commandments as prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, adultery, and robbery and the positive command to establish courts of justice (with all that this implies) or to have righteousness. After the Flood a seventh commandment, given to Noah, forbade the eating of flesh cut from a living animal (Genesis 9:4).
The laws given to Noah’s children are universally binding.
A non-Jew who abides by the Noahide Laws is considered a “righteous Gentile,” according to Judaism, and will earn a reward in the afterlife, if his obedience is coupled with a knowledge that the laws come from God. A “righteous Gentile” might also be called a “Hasidic Gentile” or simply a “Noahide.”
Hasidic Gentiles are obligated to learn Torah (Authentic Jewish teachings) in order to observe the Seven Noachide Laws properly. They are also permitted to learn Chassidus, (Jewish mysticism) as taught profoundly by the Lubavitch (Chabad) movement.
Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: Een heiden of niet-Jood en de mozaïsche wet